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Paneling is a part of Graphic design. O_- It's an art in itself, think of how you would do a collage and put together a puzzle, that's how paneling works.

You must understand the basic 2D design element:
movement, center of interest, value contrast, volume, size, perspective.... so on and on....

As for paneling.... there is no set way to do it, whether drawing the picture first, or draw the panel's first, or draw the panels and the pictures back and forth.... it's all upto the artist, as long as the result is satisfying to the artist. Just experiement and find the best way that suits you.



1. Panels must support your content: That's the most important thing.... if one line is going over an important character's head shot, omit that line and let the character stand out~ If one frame is more important than the other, you wish to make it a focus on the page, make that frame larger than the others, sometimes it can even overlap other panels alittle. However, being overly complicated with the panel works will also confuse the viewers instead of supporting the content, one must find a good balance.



2. Movement: Panels MUST be able to direct the viewers themselves, other than the different universal rules of reading left or right, the panels should work its own magic directing the viewer. "What will the viewers see first on this page? what will the viewer see as the second panel on this page?"
Design your panels with that question in mind, when needed, ask a friend to check what they would see first.
Make sure it's not too complicated that it would confuse the viewer, leave enough nagetive space, and make sure there is a "flow" in their arrangement.


Attention grabbers:
a. Size matters: Bigger panels tend to get attention first, bigger text tend to be read first.
b. Iconic graphics: An eye, a face, a mouth, something easy to recognize tend to get attetion first.
c. Contrast: The part of your page with the most contrast tend to get attention first.


After you know what grabs your readers first on a page, you can plan for orders of the panels 1>2>3>4 ... etc. At that point you have created a flow, a movement of the eyes and how it goes through a page.


3. Depth: Panels can create depth on one layout, think of the panels as its own art, this is where basic 2 D design concepts come in, if you take away all the content in your panels would the panels still look interesting? Sometimes one panel can jump out more than the others, so make sure it's creating the depth you wanted.



4. Variety: Lines that divide the panels can break, it doesn't have to stay closed or as rectangles. If you think that having the space in between the panels would make it look too rigid, omit that space and use only one line, sometimes you can use textures instead of a normal line to express what you want.

A mini test: Close your eyes, then open it again in front of your page, and see where you immediately see, that would be the central focus on your page, if you have a problem checking ask someone else to help you.



5. Sizes: Bigger panels almost always get attention first. Big head shots tend to get attention first.
Try to get big when it needs to be, be small when it needs to be. Small and large panels all have their own power and their own usage.
You can use sizes of the panels or characters to determine where your readers' eyes will go to.

When you want to impact your viewers, use spread page. (Two pages at once for one single illustration, make sure you have the first page of the spread page on EVEN number, the second page on ODDS. So it would print right.)



6. Express: Make the panels express your idea, rather than trying to make them interesting, when it can successfully help you to express the content, it will be a successful paneling work no matter what styles.



7. Composition: Design all panels as ONE composition, not two, not three, ONE composition for 1 page, and this composition should continue to link to the next pages if needed. Make all panels work as one composition instead of each one drifting on their own, then your page will look more together instead of having the panels each as their own individuals, then you can avoid a lot of conflicts between the panels.



8. Numbers of panels: A lot of you asked me: "How many panels should there be on one page?"

One universal rule is: "NO more than 10 panels."

Some publishers prefer to have "No more than 5 panels on a page."

This is according to the size of your book, most of the mangas are printed small, 5"X7" (the ones in Asia are even smaller) Small panels will make shrunk text hard to read, and make the images hard to see. Bigger panels are encouraged.

I used to do 5-8 panels on a page, now I do no more than 5, with occasional 7-9 for special effects. (ex: an action took place and everyone in the group is shocked. Then I will illustrate small, mini panels with a shot on everyone's face, and the major center panel has the action.)



9. Different styles of panels suit different graphics: (general guide from publisher)

If your manga/comic is illustrated with crazy insane amount of details, then sturdy, steady, and simple panels will help to hold your content in place

If your manga/comics has less content and has a simpler style that relies on movement and special effects, then you can try more fancy way to play with the panels.



My own preference: There's no set rule on what you can use, and what you can't, what really really matters is that your panels must HELP your content to be read easily, back to the first point.

If you go fancy on the panels and yet people become confused by it, then its best you go back to the simple styles first and nail down camera shots, composition basics and adjust your detailing and illustrations before you move onto other types.


I would encourage beginners to start with the simplest panel to make story telling work before they go to play fancy with it.



10. Text, Text balloons are a part of the paneling.

Plan the placement of your text on a manga/comic page WITH YOUR PICTURES together.

It will make an easier read. I know now of days, digital medium makes doing things separately easier, many draw their pictures completely separated from the text, that's ok. But it's not okay to do your panels without having a plan for your text placement, you may make some mistakes that can make layout chaotic and make a page harder to read.

Any manga that's not an easy read tend to get dropped a lot quicker.

Comic/manga is a medium with both words and pictures, so make them one, at least plan them together.


General guide from publisher: "If you are planning your page without text, leave the page a bit empty, then when the text in placed in, it would be just about right."




A good practice of paneling, believe it or not is abstract art, playing with the basic elements of art, shape, and black and white, for example, just play with rectangles and see how many interesting composition you can come up with.


-Personally, sometimes I have panels layout in my mind with the pictures all together, it has fused into my system, it's a part of my composition... but other times, when I only have the content in mind, I just go on to draw them one by one and figure out how to solve them together in sketch. :nod:


You get a bit of what I am saying? ^^b
People have been asking me about paneling... ^^bb my paneling is really at normal ok level.... there are others who are good at it as well, but I will introduce you the basic tips in getting good paneling. *so i don't have to repeat myself.*

Edit: discussion about the numbers of panels on one single manga page is added. Discussion about the placement of the text added.


My other tutorials related to framing/paneling:

:bulletred: [link]
or non-swf ver:
[link]


:bulletred: [link]

My work sample (in case if you are too lazy to check my gallery):

:star: [link]
Add a Comment:
 
:icongraydrone:
Graydrone Featured By Owner May 1, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
:D Need to re-read this... I tried making a manga of my own, and you did describe some parts I thought were really lacking especially on the importance of a panel. Thanks~
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:iconmayshing:
mayshing Featured By Owner Jun 5, 2015  Professional Filmographer
np! Glad it helps!
Reply
:iconkandifawx:
KandiFawx Featured By Owner Mar 9, 2015  Student General Artist
Thank you 
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:iconhana-yu:
Hana-Yu Featured By Owner Aug 23, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
This is helpful! Thank you for taking the time to make this! ^^
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:iconkeysketch:
KeySketch Featured By Owner Apr 14, 2014  Student General Artist
Thank you so very much this will help alot :D 
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:iconmayshing:
mayshing Featured By Owner Apr 14, 2014  Professional Filmographer
ur welcome. :)
Reply
:icondeltainsigna:
deltainsigna Featured By Owner Mar 16, 2014
Thank you
Reply
:icontricerus:
tricerus Featured By Owner Dec 15, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
That's helps explain a lot, thanks!:)
Reply
:iconsinnibelle:
Sinnibelle Featured By Owner Oct 17, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
thanks for the help.. I did a doodle and hated the way it just stood out on the page so i turned it into a panel and I've never worked with this type of art before and your information about placement was helpful.. I am sure when I am done it will be far from perfect but better than it would have been if I tried alone
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:iconkeikeiyuki:
keikeiyuki Featured By Owner Jul 19, 2013
looking for a manga artist! love your work!
Reply
:iconmayshing:
mayshing Featured By Owner Jul 21, 2013  Professional Filmographer
ah, thank u. :)
Reply
:iconkeikeiyuki:
keikeiyuki Featured By Owner Jul 21, 2013
Your welcome!
Reply
:iconforeverknight13:
foreverknight13 Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
A question, I'm doing a 3 page project on 18 x 24 drawing paper. How many panels would you reccomend for a piece of that size
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:iconmayshing:
mayshing Featured By Owner Apr 19, 2013  Professional Filmographer
depends on how its read, how far do u want it to read?
If you want people who walk into the room before reaching it to read it immediately, just treat it as if its 8X11 size and do panels the same way. You just have a large page as a result.

If you want someone to read it a long time on the wall where the first panel is not too higher up from them, (just need to make sure the top roll is easy to read) then you can fit more panels into it. Like 3 times the normal amount.
Reply
:iconforeverknight13:
foreverknight13 Featured By Owner Apr 19, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
its a short story, 3-4 pages. I think your first suggestion works. Thank you
Reply
:iconmali-b:
Mali-B Featured By Owner Apr 9, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
cheers, thanks for the info
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:iconrimedura:
rimedura Featured By Owner Apr 7, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Ohhh thanks so much!
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:iconshunna99:
Shunna99 Featured By Owner Mar 24, 2013  Student General Artist
thanks for the tips
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:iconprinceslydiahetiger:
PrincesLydiaheTiger Featured By Owner Mar 23, 2013  Student Traditional Artist
You're so awesome thanks!
Reply
:iconamu9870:
amu9870 Featured By Owner Feb 16, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
woah thanks!
Reply
:iconkokawachise:
KokawaChise Featured By Owner Feb 13, 2013
This tutorial was made a few years ago but it still managed to help me (who just saw this a few moments ago). Cool tutorial. Thanks! :thumbsup:
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:iconartworkexplosive:
artworkexplosive Featured By Owner Nov 19, 2012  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
thanks,this was really helpful
Reply
:iconchibbiheart15:
chibbiheart15 Featured By Owner Jul 6, 2012
this is so helpful thank u so much
i lke how u did it so organized this is going to be helpful in the future
thank u so much!!!
Reply
:iconaesook:
AeSook Featured By Owner Jun 25, 2012  Student Traditional Artist
This makes my job SO much easier! Thank you so much! I've been aspiring to become a manga artist and writer, and this was perfect! I can't wait to start!
Reply
:iconthelearningartist:
TheLearningArtist Featured By Owner Jun 4, 2012  Student Digital Artist
This is going to help a lot when I start doing the first storyboards....
Reply
:iconyaowangchina:
yaowangchina Featured By Owner Feb 1, 2012
This is interesting. My favorite part is 1>2>3>4. What a fun way of writing it. Movement helped me the most. It's hard to get myself inspired so I have to read around until I feel "I can do it!" Your article definitely helped a bit! Thank you~
Reply
:iconsitting-and-drawing:
Sitting-and-Drawing Featured By Owner Dec 5, 2011  Hobbyist General Artist
Thanks! This is really useful...
Though it's interesting to note that most manga pages are divided into 3 sections, with all the panels contained in the top, middle, and bottom sections....
Gonna go use this now to try to make my own manga..
Reply
:iconktry246:
Ktry246 Featured By Owner Dec 3, 2011  Hobbyist Digital Artist
this is really good explanation, with this i can make my own manga :) thanks for the tutorial
Reply
:iconxxfurthermorexx:
xxfurthermorexx Featured By Owner Sep 21, 2011  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
i always get confused with the even and odd numbering when creating a manga, i don't get (Two pages at once for one single illustration, make sure you have the first page of the spread page on EVEN number, the second page on ODDS. So it would print right.)
can you please explain? xD
Reply
:iconmayshing:
mayshing Featured By Owner Sep 21, 2011  Professional Filmographer
its about the printing, if your picture is on ODDs (1, 3, 5, 7)
it will be on the front of the page, and the next page will be put on the BACK of the odd page.
But if you draw the 1 comp on the EVEN (2, 4, 6) then the next two pages can connect, it's a basic printing knowledge.

If you want to figure it out for sure, test it on paper,
print a few pages and stick them together to make your own book
in order of the page number, with spreads on different numbers, then you will understand.
Reply
:iconxxfurthermorexx:
xxfurthermorexx Featured By Owner Sep 22, 2011  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
oooh i think i sort of get it now ^.^ thank you
Reply
:iconrose-kira-chan:
Rose-Kira-chan Featured By Owner Jul 18, 2011  Student Traditional Artist
How is text added to finished manuscripts (traditional, on paper)? I've always wondered how text is put on to manucripts! Is it added on the computer after completion or is the text printed out and glued? :?
Reply
:iconmayshing:
mayshing Featured By Owner Jul 18, 2011  Professional Filmographer
now its usually typed in.
Reply
:iconmangakanoob:
mangakanoob Featured By Owner Jul 18, 2011
Awesome tutorial!
Learned alot
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:iconcomic7:
Comic7 Featured By Owner Jul 8, 2011  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Tripple thanks :D
Reply
:iconchelsea-the-tomboy:
chelsea-the-tomboy Featured By Owner Jul 7, 2011  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
straightforward, sensible, and very helpful- thanks a lot!!
Reply
:iconmeimistyrose:
meimistyrose Featured By Owner May 21, 2011
Thanks for the tips!
Reply
:iconmeimistyrose:
meimistyrose Featured By Owner May 21, 2011
Thanks for the tips!
Reply
:iconvyxeneverafter:
vyxeneverafter Featured By Owner May 16, 2011  Student Traditional Artist
Ah! This was so helpful. I feel like I owe you my life now.
Reply
:iconmayshing:
mayshing Featured By Owner May 16, 2011  Professional Filmographer
lol ur welcome
Reply
:icondandoosh-the-devil:
dandoosh-the-devil Featured By Owner Apr 29, 2011  Student Artist
thanks mayshing
Reply
:iconxxsaphirexxtearsxx:
XxSaphireXXTearsxX Featured By Owner Apr 15, 2011
You just saved me a lot of work! Thank you! :w00t:
Reply
:iconmangafanner12:
Mangafanner12 Featured By Owner Mar 8, 2011
Thank you I knew a lot about what you said but you reminded me how panels can really help I will come back and look at this again later
Reply
:iconalexcrimson:
AlexCrimson Featured By Owner Mar 2, 2011  Hobbyist General Artist
I gotta say these tips are really helpful and they are really in depth...I thought I knew about panels but looking at this just gave me a good insight on paneling. Thanks
Reply
:iconclaudiakat:
claudiakat Featured By Owner Feb 9, 2011
Thank you so much. You enlightened me.XD This is so helpful to my current project!
Reply
:iconsilverxsy:
silverxsy Featured By Owner Jan 12, 2011
Your notes are sooo useful, thanks for all your generosity!
Reply
:iconnephene00:
nephene00 Featured By Owner Jul 19, 2010
i think i speak for alot of people out there when i say: thank you! this is something ive been trying to find and havnt been able to elsewhere.
Reply
:icontwilightofdarkness:
TwilightOfDarkness Featured By Owner Jun 8, 2010  Student General Artist
It's graphic art? Can I not just use pencil and a ruler, or does it mostly have to be graphic.
And if it is, how do I create panels on the computer?
Reply
:iconsanguinarius-morbid:
sanguinarius-morbid Featured By Owner Apr 3, 2010
Thanks much for posting this. I'm not the best at making my comic pages look interesting, so this really gave me some ideas. You definitely can explain things better than the how-to books.
Reply
:iconluckyk1990:
LuckyK1990 Featured By Owner Jan 22, 2010
great tutorial... I'm starting a new web comic from scratch and this has been a real help to me :) keep up the good work :)
Reply
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